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Fixing broken pins on a ROM chip

Posted: Wed Apr 25, 2018 10:43 pm
by rubber_jonnie
Since this just happened to me, and also someone else on the Facebook Pages, I thought I'd do a quick fix guide for if you've broken a pin off your ROMs, or indeed any other chip.

In my case, it was the fact I had to remove a dual ROM setup, where the pins had been bent up, so they were not plugged in, and soldered to a switch.

Both ROM sets were like this, however one was recoverable, the other lost one pin off each of the HI and Low ROMs as below:
owie.jpg
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It isn't the end of the road, and is actually something you can recover from, even if it's multiple pins you're missing. You will need to solder here, or find someone who can.

The first stage is to tin the remaining portion of the leg of the pin, making it ready to accept its new pin. Just get a small blog of solder on the leg:
tinned.jpg
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Next, pop the ROM into it's socket as though you were fitting it. Once fitted into the socket, find the leg you're repairing and using a small screwdriver, push it in slightly to make room for the wire:
ready_for_wire.jpg
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Next to the leg of the chip, insert a piece of wire. I used long header strip pin, but as long as it's reasonably rigid, it will be fine:
ready_to_solder.jpg
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Line the wire up with the centre of the leg, and solder it to the leg as below:
soldered_on_in_socket.jpg
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Very carefully, so you dont break any more pins (!!!), remove the ROM from the socket, to reveal your new pin:
soldered_on.jpg
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Trim off the excess wire, and you're done. Carefully plug the ROM back into it's socket and you're ready to go.

I've used this method many times to recover damaged chips of all shapes and sizes, and it's certainly worth a stab, and will at least get you up and running until you can get a replacement, and will probably last the life of the chip.

Re: Fixing broken pins on a ROM chip

Posted: Wed Apr 25, 2018 10:45 pm
by exxos
:bravo: :goodpost:

Happens to me loads!

Re: Fixing broken pins on a ROM chip

Posted: Thu Apr 26, 2018 6:43 am
by tuxie
I do it in a other way. I take a older other chip and cut the pin direktly on the case. Mostly its enough to move the pin up and down. Then i solder this pins on top of the broken one.

Re: Fixing broken pins on a ROM chip

Posted: Thu Apr 26, 2018 9:44 am
by rubber_jonnie
tuxie wrote:
Thu Apr 26, 2018 6:43 am
I do it in a other way. I take a older other chip and cut the pin direktly on the case. Mostly its enough to move the pin up and down. Then i solder this pins on top of the broken one.
Yeah, that's another good way to do it.

Re: Fixing broken pins on a ROM chip

Posted: Thu Apr 26, 2018 2:24 pm
by Stimpy
You wait until you have to fix an IC where the pin snaps off at the point it enters the plastic! :shock: :cry:

Re: Fixing broken pins on a ROM chip

Posted: Thu Apr 26, 2018 3:05 pm
by rubber_jonnie
Stimpy wrote:
Thu Apr 26, 2018 2:24 pm
You wait until you have to fix an IC where the pin snaps off at the point it enters the plastic! :shock: :cry:
I have used this method to fix these too :)

It takes a bit more effort, in that you have to cut away some of the chip body and reveal the pin before you can solder, but it is doable.

However I usually only use that method as a temporary fix, as it is a lot weaker.